Peshawar is the liveliest city of KPK province of Pakistan. It is the heart of the northwestern (KPK) province and lies on the border of Khyber Pass. Peshawar is also well known for its momentous and cultural values. Peshawar has seen many invaders and travelers passing it by, from around the world. There are a number of things to do while visiting the city. Being a central border city, the markets of Peshawar are the most attractive. The famous Kissa Khawani Bazaar is the most attention-grabbing of all. There are products from all over central Asia, wood carving, fabrics, oriental rugs, spices, Afghan jewelry, and all kinds of tribal handicrafts are available.
Peshawar derives its name from a Sanskrit term “Pushpapura” meaning metropolis of plants. Peshawar’s blooms were stated even in Mughal Emperor Baber’s memoirs. Alexanders’ legions and the southern wing of his military stalled within 327 B.C. for 40 days at a fort excavated lately, 27 kilometres north-east of Peshawar at Pushkalavati (lotus city) near Charsadda. The great Baber marched through historical Khyber Pass to overcome South Asia in 1526 and set up the Mughal Empire in the South Asia.
The valleys in Peshawar resounded to the tramp of marching toes, the pathway of business, migration and invasion by Aryans, Scythians, Persians, Greeks, Bactrians, Kushans, Huns, Turks’ Mongols and Mughals.
This mountain pass connects Pakistan and Afghanistan at Landi Kotal. It is an essential part of the earliest Silk route; it has long extensive intellectual, economic, and geopolitical significance. In history, it has been an imperative trade route between Indian Subcontinent and Central Asia as well being a strategic military location.
The Koh-I-Noor diamond was taken from the former Afghan leader by the Sikhs which was obtained by The East India Company on the annexation of Peshawar in 1849 and later presented to Her Majesty Queen Victoria.
The Muhabbat Khan Mosque
This 17th-century mosque named after the Mughal ruler of Peshawar, Nawab Mahabat Khan Bin Ali Mardan Khan, known as Muhabbat Khan. It is the only structure that stands today in “Andar Shehar Bazaar” of the old city, that reminds of the glory the Mogul empire. The mosque was built in 1670 A.D, during the rule of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. It has a constricted but huge entrance that leads to a large prayer courtyard.
At the entrance of Khyber Pass, Jamrud Fort located 18km east of Peshawar. It was constructed by the Sikh governor of Peshawar in 1823 to stop the Afghani interruption to India. This beautiful place is best to visit and refresh your mind. Jamrud Fort is the center of magnetism for the tourist who comes to travel around Peshawar city.