Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the north-east corner of Africa and south-west corner of Asia by land – the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel, the Red Sea, Sudan, and Libya to the west.
Ancient Egyptian history is a long and complex one with more than 3,000 years of details. Throughout these 3,000 years ancient Egyptians lived under about 30 dynasties, with each dynasty being based on the lineage of the kings/pharaohs. Ancient Egypt also saw the rise of a complex polytheistic religion, which included many gods, the controversy and conflict of one pharaoh (Akhenaton).
Its history covers some five thousand years, and encompasses the origin of civilization, the rise of the Greeks and Romans, the establishment of the Jewish, Christian and Islamic religions, the colonial era when first France and then English ruled the country, and finally, a return to independence.
There are many ancient sites which are the main destination for tourists, and a source of imaginative thought to the world for over three thousand years. The Pyramid Age began with a burst of building, starting with the 3rd Dynasty reign of Djoser and almost all of the Kings added to their number through the end of the Middle Kingdom,